SKU: 10160 Linkam CSS450 Optical Shearing System for Optical Rhelogy
Linkam CSS450 Optical Shearing System for Optical Rhelogy
Part Number: linkam-css450
Linkam CSS450 Optical Shearing System for Optical Rhelogy
The Linkam Optical Shearing System (CSS450) allows structural dynamics of complex fluids to be directly observed via standard optical microscope while they are under precisely controlled temperature and various shear modes.
Using the optical shearing cell, it is possible to study the microstructure evolution of complex fluids in great details for many physical processes, e.g. coarsening of binary fluids during their phase separations, flow-induced mixing and demixing of polymer blends, defects dynamics of liquid crystals, aggregation of red blood cells and their deformation in flows etc. We are then in a good position to correlate micro structural dynamics with rheological data for gaining insight into rheology of complex fluids.
Linkam CSS450 Specifications
- Temperature range ambient to 450°C (-50 to 450°C on Cryo CSS450)
- Computer control using Linksys 32
- Sample area 30mm ∅
- Gap setting between 5 and 2500 Ám, 1 Ám increments
- Four modes of operation; oscillatory, step, steady & relax
- 100 Ohm platinum resistor
- Removable lid for easy sample loading & cleaning
- Fixes to most microscopes using stage clamps
- Temperature rates of between 0.01°C to 30°C/min
- Silver heating blocks for high thermal conductivity
- Observation radius 7.5mm ∅, viewing area 2.8mm ∅
- Sample mounted on quartz window
- Temperature stability ±0.2°C
- Designed for use with the LINK image capture system
- Velocity, amplitude & frequency easily changed during run
- Data can be saved to spreadsheet
- Changeable speed of gap setting
- Suitable for phase contrast, transmitted and polarized light
- Objective lens minimum working distance 7.4mm
- Condenser lens minimum working distance 15mm
If you are using transmitted light please go to the CONDENSER EXTENSION LENS section for condenser info.
All returns must be authorized by Spectra Services in order to insure proper credit and must be requested within 30 days of purchase. All returns are subject to a minimum 15% restocking charge. For returns not due to error on behalf of Spectra Services, the customer is responsible for all transportation fees related to the returned product. To ensure proper credit, each product return must include the following information:
- Customer name and address
- Purchase order number
- Spectra Services shipping order number
- Date of invoice
- Item number of returned item(s)
- Spectra Services return authorization number (RMA)
- Reason for return
Unfortunately, Spectra Services is unable to accept the following returns at this time:
- Products not in completely resalable condition (including products with damaged, missing, or defaced labeling or packaging
- Chemicals, reagents, diagnostics, sterile, or any controlled products (unless products do not meet specification
- Labroatory apparatus or instruments that have been used or are without the original packaging, labeling and operating manuals
- Refrigerated products or other perishables
- Products which are not inventoried by Spectra Services and are not able to be returned to the manufacturer
- Products purchased on a special order
- Products not purchased from Spectra Services
- Products with an expired shelf life or an expiration date too short for resale
- Discontinued products
Spectra Services reserves the right to review this policy on a case-by-case basis.
Upon receipt of the pre-owned product(s), the customer has one week to evaluate the product to ensure it meets their expectations. If for some reason the customer decides to return the product, they may do so at any point during those seven (7) days for a full refund. No restocking fee will be assessed, however, the customer is responsible for the return shipping costs. Full credit will be issued upon receipt and inspection of the item(s) to ensure equipment was returned in the same condition it was initially shipped out in.
All exchanges and returns require the completion of a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) form. Once completed, please return the merchandise immediately as the RMA number is only active for ten (10) days from the date of issuance.
Charges associated with returning items are the responsibility of the customer unless the item(s) arrived defective, damaged, or incorrect.
Spectra Services highly recommends that return packages be insured for full value and packaged securely to prevent shipping damage.
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Ontario, NY 14519 US
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Accidental damage during shipment can sometimes happen. When you take delivery of your freight, please inspect thoroughly for any visible damage to the outside of the shipping container before signing for it. If there are multiple pieces to the shipment, please account for all them. Should you find that any of the products are damaged or missing after receipt, contact us within three days to address the matter.
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Take a look at our Return Policy, and then contact us to continue with the process. Let us know if you have any questions.
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While we attempt to list and provide you the most up-to-date pricing, we reserve the right to make changes. Additionally, we cannot guarantee that we will always have a product in stock, but we do our best to accommodate your needs. If you have questions regarding pricing or availability, please do not hesitate to ask.
"Can you explain where you come up with the 'List Price,' please?"
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